Spend even a small amount of time looking at the various massive malware threats out there and you will find that security experts are usually able to figure out who developed it, the intended targets, and where it is most prevalent. In early November, news broke about a mystery security threat called Regin that has been around for years, but which experts seem to know comparatively little about. Many business owners are worried about Regin, but should they be?
What exactly is Regin?
What is most interesting about Regin is that a number of security experts seem to not really fully understand it. They know that it exists, they know it is complex, and they know it is one of the most advanced pieces of malware ever created. But, they don’t know what exactly it does, or where it comes from.
What we do know is that Internet security firm Symantec is credited with first bringing Regin to public attention, and that it has been around since at least 2008. So far, the company has said it is similar to the Stuxnet virus that was supposedly developed in (or by) the US and used to attack and subvert the Iranian nuclear program.
Regin is known to infect Windows-based computers and at its core is a backdoor trojan style of infection. From detected infections it is looks like the purpose of the malware is not to steal information but to gather intelligence and facilitate other types of attacks.
What makes this malware so powerful and disturbing is that it is much more advanced than other infections. Using various encryption methods it can hide itself extremely well, making it difficult to detect. It can also communicate with the hacker who deployed it in a number of different ways, thus making it a challenge to block or stop. As a result, it is far from easy to actually figure out what exactly this malware is doing and why.
Who has been infected?
According to various security experts we have been able to compile a list of companies and organizations that have been targeted to date. These include:
- Telecommunications companies
- Government institutions
- Financial companies
- Research companies
- Individuals and companies involved in crypto-graphical and mathematical research
At the time of this article, no known attacks have been carried out against companies in the US, Canada, or the UK. The main countries targeted so far have been Russia and Saudi Arabia, along with a smaller number of infections in Malaysia, Indonesia, Ireland, and Iran. A total of 10-15 countries have been targeted since the malware was first discovered in 2008.
Is this a big deal for my company?
Just because your company is operating in a country that hasn’t been affected thus far, doesn’t mean that you aren’t at risk of being attacked by this malware in the future. If you operate in any of the industries or sectors listed above, you could still be at risk, especially if you do business with clients in infected regions.
For now, however, it appears that Regin is only infecting larger government bodies and large companies outside of North America and much of Europe, so the chances of you being infected are relatively low. Although as with any threat, this can change at any moment.
What we recommend is that you ensure your antivirus and antimalware solutions are kept up to date and always switched on. You can rest assured that eventually experts will learn more and block this malware from infecting systems. Beyond this, working with an IT partner, like us, who can ensure that your valuable data and systems are secure, is also be a good idea. The same goes with watching what you download and any emails you open. If you don’t know or trust the source, don’t download any program, open an attachment, or read an email connected to it.
Looking to learn more about the security of your systems? Contact us today.